Carpet weaving is one of the oldest types of decorative and
applied art in Azerbaijan.
The origins of Azerbaijani carpets can be traced back to the
Known for their high-quality and vibrant colours, they are often
characterised by geometric patterns, floral motifs, and symbolic
representations. Each region in Azerbaijan has its own distinct
style and design, reflecting the cultural diversity of the
Azerbaijani carpets are divided into seven major carpet weaving
schools distinguished by patterns, composition, colour palette, and
techniques: Guba, Baku, Shirvan, Ganja, Gazakh, Garabagh and
Carpets and carpet products produced in Azerbaijan have gained
They have also gained recognition and admiration worldwide for
their beauty and craftsmanship.
The national carpets are kept in the world’s best museums, such
as the Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Victoria and Albert in London,
Textile in Washington, Louvre in Paris, Topkapi in Istanbul, Berlin
Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Museum of New York, and the Museum
of Art in Budapest.
In 2010, Azerbaijani carpet weaving was included in the UNESCO
Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of
This year marks the thirteenth anniversary since Azerbaijan’s
traditional carpet weaving art was included in UNESCO’s
Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Since 1992, the country has been actively participating in
UNESCO programs since 1992.
Several initiatives have been taken to further promote
Azerbaijan’s carpet weaving art.
One such initiative is the establishment of the Carpet Museum in
Baku, which showcases the rich history and artistry of Azerbaijani
The Carpet Museum in Baku is constantly working on the
preservation and promotion of Azerbaijan’s carpet weaving art
The museum holds over 14,000 exhibits, showcasing the finest
The Carpet Museum is expanding its activities in the fields of
development and promotion, as well as its relations at the
The museum regularly holds international conferences and
symposia, publishes books and scientific journals dedicated to
carpet art, and establishes partnership.
The Carpet Museum has recently signed a Memorandum of
Understanding on further cooperation with the Azerbaijan Scientific
Research Institute of Animal Husbandry.
The document envisages that the institute’s modern laboratory
will conduct research on the wool used for the production of
carpets stored in the museum. The carper products will be analysed
according to quality indicators.
Through various activities, the Carpet Museum aims to preserve
and showcase the rich cultural heritage of Azerbaijani carpet
weaving and ensure its continued recognition and appreciation
Laman Ismayilova is AzerNews’ staff journalist, follow her on
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