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What to Know About How Air Conditioners Work
The process of cooling the air and removing humidity from a confined space or room is what is referred to as air conditioning. In a domestic environment such as in a room or in a commercial one like in businesses it can be used. Air conditioning is used in rooms filled with electronic devices that produce a lot of heat to cool and dehumidify the surroundings. Usage of this process is to achieve a more comfortable interior environment.
In a room or a car they use fans to distribute air. Sometimes refrigeration or free cooling can be used in cooling but a refrigeration process is usually used. Desiccants, which are chemicals used to remove moisture from the air can also be used. Air conditioning can refer to any form of conditioning may it be cooling, dehumidifying or heating a room. In humidity control, reduction of the humidity of the air is done by refrigeration air conditioning equipments.
Water vapor is condensed from the processed air by the relatively cold evaporator coil and therefore, water vapor is removed from the cooled air. In this way the relative humidity of the room is lowered. Also there is a specialized air conditioner for dehumidification only.
Heat transportation from a colder location to a hotter one is what consists of the refrigeration cycle.
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The medium that is used to remove heat from places that are to be cooled and rejects it elsewhere is the refrigerant. By using a fan warm air is blown into the interior which is supposed to be cooled across an evaporator. Evaporation of the liquid part of the cold refrigerant is caused by this and therefore causing the temperatures to be further lowered. Recirculation of cold air into the interior is how modern air conditioners are designed. As it is with others, they do not draw air into the room.
Instead of cooling the surroundings, the cycle of refrigeration can be reversed causing heat increase by a conditioner known as the heat pump unit.
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They are normally referred to as reverse cycle air conditioners. Than electric resistance heating, it is significantly more energy efficient. More popular in milder winter climates are heat pumps. During winter the icing problem is much more severe and therefore the heat pumps are used with yet another more conventional mode of heating such as natural gas or oil furnace. Instead of heat pumps, during harsher winter temperatures these are usually used.
Evaporative cooling is the other type of air conditioning and are mostly used in very dry climates. Desert coolers or swamp coolers they are also referred that way. It draws outside air through a wet pad maybe soaked in water. Free cooling is the other type and it uses pumps to circulate coolants such as water or glycol mix.